In India, every year 15th September is celebrated as Engineer’s Day. Why September 15th is chosen as Engineer’s Day? On this day, India’s prominent engineer, Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was born in 1861. To remember him for his achievements and engineering contributions to the country, September 15th is chosen as Engineer’s Day in India. He was honoured with India’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna, in the year 1955.
Sir MV was born on 15th September 1861 in Muddenahalli village in the princely state of Mysore, now Karnataka. He had his primary education in the village itself and mid-school education in Chikkaballapur. He completed his BA in 1881 from Central College, Bangalore. He studied civil engineering in the College of Engineering, Pune from where he received LCE (Licentiate in Civil Engineering).
Sir MV’s notable contributions include the construction of Krishna Raja Sagara Dam on the outskirts of Mysuru city. He was also the chief engineer of Hyderabad’s flood protection system. He played a major role in protecting Vishakhapatnam port from sea erosion by developing a reservoir.
He was fondly called as the “Father of Modern Mysore State” for his significant contributions to Mysore state including Mysore Soap Factory, Parasitoid Laboratory, Mysore Iron and Steel Works, Bangalore Agricultural University to name a few.
He developed a system to prevent the flow of water from the dam. Not only this, he also developed a block system for irrigation which strengthened the irrigation facilities in India.
In 1915, for his huge contributions to the public, Visvesvaraya was honoured as Knight Commander of Order of Indian Empire (KCIE) by the British. He presided the session of Indian Science Congress in 1923. He served as the Board of Directors of Tata Steel from 1927 to 1955. In the year 1955, he was awarded Bharat Ratna, India’s highest honour.
In the year 1960, to commemorate his 100th birthday, the Government of India released a stamp dedicated to Visvervaraya.
Visvesvaraya laid the foundation of Jayanagar in 1959 which was Bangalore’s one of the first planned neighbourhood.
Sir M. Visvesvaraya breathed his last on 12th April 1962 in Bangalore.
To pay tribute to this legendary personality, September 15th is chosen as Engineer’s Day in India.
On Engineer’s Day 2019, Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tribute to Sir M. Visvesvaraya and applauded the contributions of engineers.
Here is what PM Modi tweeted:
Engineers are synonymous with diligence and determination. Human progress would be incomplete without their innovative zeal. Greetings on #EngineersDay and best wishes to all hardworking engineers. Tributes to the exemplary engineer Sir M. Visvesvaraya on his birth anniversary.— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) September 15, 2019
Happy Engineer’s Day 2019